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Category: General

July 27, 2017

Monitoring fetal kick counts can save your baby's life.It’s important for expectant mothers to keep track of their baby’s movements. Not only will it give you reassurance that your baby is healthy, but a lack of movement can be the first sign that something is seriously wrong. In fact, monitoring your baby’s fetal kick count has the potential to save your baby’s life.

Counting fetal movements is easy to do, and can be a relaxing time spent bonding with your little one.

When Should You Start Counting Fetal Movements

Some women can feel their baby’s first kicks anywhere from 16-25 weeks. However, the average for first-time mothers is between the 20-22 week range.

Your doctor will likely suggest beginning to track your baby’s fetal kick counts starting during the third trimester (week 26-27) onward.

Monitoring fetal kick counts are especially important for expectant mothers who have health conditions. If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, for example, your doctor will recommend closely keeping track of your baby’s movements.

How to Track and Count Fetal Kicks

Tracking your baby’s movements is somewhat easy. Following a few simple steps is an easy way to reassure yourself that your baby is okay.

Most babies move at least 10 times within any given 1 hour period.

When checking your baby’s fetal kick count, you’ll need the following tools:

  • A comfortable place to sit or lay
  • A journal
  • A timing device

Start by sitting or laying on your side. Begin your timer and count each movement that your baby makes. These movements could include anything from:

  • Rolls
  • Kicks
  • Jabs
  • Flutters

Once you’ve gotten to 5 of these movements, stop counting and record the length of time it took from the first to the last.

Here are a few additional tips you may want to follow to help you when you are tracking the fetal movement of your little one.

  • Try to count movements at the same time every day.
  • Try evening or after dinnertime. Some babies are more likely to be more active during this time.
  • Write down times in a daily journal for easy tracking. Your doctor may request to see your times during checkups as well.
  • If you choose to lie down while counting, try to lay on your left side. Circulation will be better for the baby.
  • Stop timing after 5 moves.

When To Call Your Doctor

Babies that do not move at least 5 times within thirty minutes should be checked by your doctor. Movement is an important barometer of your baby’s health.

Sudden increase or decrease in baby’s fetal kick count in the third trimester should also be reported to your doctor, especially if you have health concerns that put you at a high-risk pregnancy.

If your baby doesn’t move within the half hour, don’t panic. Your baby could simply be sleeping. Instead, get up and move around for a few minutes. Grab a bite to eat or drink. After half hour, if your baby still doesn’t seem to be moving, call your doctor immediately. Letting your doctor know that your baby is not moving enough can save their life.

 Other Indicators That Require a Call to Your Doctor 

  • Rupture of membranes (Water breaking)
  • Contractions every 2-5 minutes (more than 5 per hour)
  • Cramps in the lower abdomen with or without diarrhea
  • Temperature over 100 degrees
  • Vaginal spotting or bleeding

Final Thoughts

Monitoring your little one’s fetal kicks can potentially save your baby’s life. If you’ve got questions or concerns regarding your baby’s movements or would like to schedule an appointment to discuss these techniques with your doctor, feel free to give us a call. One of our helpful staff members would be happy to assist you with your needs.

July 26, 2017

Stock up on healthy must have products for summer.Choosing safer sunscreens, bug repellents and hydration products can be a daunting task with aisle after isle of options.  Of course, you want your friends and family to enjoy the great outdoors this summer, but worrying about sun exposure, bug bites, and possible mosquito and tick spread diseases can put a damper on the day faster than a black cloud.

Many products on the shelves these days are chemical ridden and loaded with synthetic ingredients that can be harmful to your body.

Let’s take a look at a few key ingredients to avoid when shopping for summer necessities such as sunscreen, bug repellent, and hydration products. Opt for a few of the safer environmentally-friendly alternatives on our list for a worry-free day of fun in the sun.

Sunscreen

Sunscreens are designed to protect your family from harmful radiation from the sun’s UV rays. However, not all sunscreens are created equal, so we’ve created this list of what to avoid and what to seek out when keeping your family protected this summer.

Ingredients to Avoid in Sunscreen

Most sunscreens use the help of synthetic ingredients that are designed to absorb into your skin and block UV rays. However, occasionally these chemicals can lead to adverse reactions ranging from minor skin irritation to tumors.

When shopping for sunscreens, try to avoid anything that has the following chemicals.

  • Vitamin A (Retinyl palmitate/ retinol). Vitamin A can be helpful when ingested, however, when applied to the skin, it has been known to produce tumors and lesions sooner than products without.
  • Oxybenzone. You’ll find this ingredient in many sunscreens on the market. This chemical helps other active ingredients penetrate the skin and can disrupt the hormone system.
  • Octinoxate. This chemical can produce free radicals that can damage the skin.

Sunscreens with bug repellents should also be avoided. Instead, use separate products and apply bug repellent beforehand.

Sprays should be avoided whenever possible. They may seem like a good idea for easy application but they can release harmful-to-breathe chemicals in the air.

Family Friendly Ingredients in Sunscreen

When sourcing sunscreen for your entire family, there are several things you should take into consideration before you buy.

Typically, SPF 15 is recommended for families that plan to spend a good amount of time in the sun. If you or your loved one has especially fair skin, you might want to think about SPF 30 or higher.

UVA protection is also important when it comes to sunscreen. Unfortunately, sunscreens don’t label their bottles based on UVA protection. Instead, you’ll have to take a look at the active ingredients list. Look for one or more of the following active ingredients to determine if your sunscreen will give you adequate UVA protection.

  • Zinc oxide
  • 3% Avobenzone
  • Mexoryl SX
  • Ecamsule

Keep in mind, choosing the correct sunscreen is only half the battle. Using it correctly is also vital for protecting your skin. Re-apply sunscreen often, especially if you’ve been in the water longer than 20-30 minutes.

Bug Repellent

Bug repellent has become a summer necessity, especially with all the mosquito and tick diseases floating around. Choosing to protect your family from itchy bug bites may seem like an easy decision, but before you go out and spray down, you should learn about what you’re putting on your skin.

Ingredients to Avoid in Bug Repellent

Always remember that bug repellents are harmful chemicals and should be used with caution. Spray repellents on clothing rather than directly on the skin when possible.

Keep bug sprays and chemicals out of reach of young children.

Avoid using outdoor ‘foggers,’ candles, or aerosol sprays that can release chemicals into the air. These chemicals often get the job done, however, they can be harmful to you and your family to breathe in, as well as for the environment.

While DEET is an effective bug repellent, anything over 30% is considered excess unless in extreme circumstances.

Safe and Effective Ingredients in Bug Repellents

Instead of looking for a name brand bug repellent, there are certain active ingredients you should be aware of. Take a look at some of the safe and effective ingredients below and experiment to find your favorite.

  • Picaridin
  • IR3535
  • DEET (30% or below preferred)
  • Oil of Eucalyptus (Or Synthetic version PMD)

Each of the above ingredients has been shown to be effective at keeping bugs at bay while remaining safe for your family.

Hydration Products

Everyone knows the importance of staying hydrated throughout the hot summer months. Many people don’t realize just how much sun they’re getting or how much water they lose through sweat which can make the risk of dehydration all the more dangerous. However, there are right and wrong ways to beat the heat.

Ingredients to Avoid in Hydration Products

The first thing many people go to when quenching their thirst on a hot summer day is a sports drink. The common misconception is how healthy sports drinks are. The truth is, they are often loaded with sugars, high fructose corn syrup, and artificial dyes.

While electrolytes are great for replenishing water after a long day of sweating and expending energy, the majority of people don’t workout hard enough to need electrolytes replenished. Instead, you wind up consuming an overabundance of sodium.

If you’re going to use a sports drink to re-hydrate, be aware of what you and your family are consuming. Read the labels and choose accordingly.

Alternatives to Hydration Products

The best alternative to sports drinks and sugary sodas is plain water. However, if water doesn’t get you excited, you can supplement yourself in other ways.

Fruits and vegetables are an excellent source for hydration for adults and children alike. Try some of the following fruits and veggies that have high water content for a happy, healthy summer.

  • Coconut Water
  • Oranges
  • Mango
  • Celery
  • Cucumber
  • Carrots

Final Thoughts

Many summer products you’ll find can contain harmful ingredients to either your family or the environment. We hope with the help of this guide you’ll be able to make healthier decisions about the products you choose for your family this summer.

With a little research, sourcing sunscreen, bug repellent, and hydration products that will suit your family’s needs should be relatively easy. If you’d like to learn more about healthier options for your loved ones, feel free to give us a call.

Our friendly staff is always happy to answer any questions you may have or schedule an appointment to discuss your summer health goals.

July 12, 2017

Menstrual cramps have many treatments and potential remedies.Women have been debating for centuries on the best ways to treat their period cramps. Fortunately, you no longer have to rely on ‘old-wives-tales’ for dealing with pain associated with cramps. Instead, you can make informed decisions based on medical evidence.

While every woman’s body responds differently to each of the methods below, you’re certain to find at least one that works for you. Once you do, stick with it and take control over your life again.

Dull throbbing pain, sharp pains that take your breath away or even nausea and radiating lower back pain can be resolved by simple changes to your routine.

Lifestyle Changes to Treat Period Cramps

Making proper lifestyle changes can help lessen the pain associated with menstrual cramps. Adding diet and exercise to your daily routine is one of the best ways to alleviate pain and stress that comes with your monthly cycle.

Let’s take a look at some of the best ways to incorporate lifestyle changes into your routine so that you’ll be able to get through your period with reduced cramping.

Foods for Cramps

Some of the best foods to help treat cramps due to PMS are loaded with healthy fats and lots of water. Before and during your period, your uterus begins to contract and prepare to dispel its lining. During this time you’ll experience cramping but there are certain dietary changes you can determine the level of pain you feel.

When shopping for foods that will lessen the severity of your menstrual cramps, try some that contain higher levels of the following:

  • Vitamin E
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids
  • Vitamin B-1 (thiamine)
  • Vitamin B-6
  • Magnesium

Let’s go over a few specific foods that are ideal for eating during PMS and throughout your menstruation that keeps you feeling as good as possible. Foods that are low-fat and high-fiber are going to be your best bet.

  • Whole grains
  • Lentils and beans
  • Fruits
  • Nuts
  • Dark leafy vegetables
  • And of course, don’t forget to load up on lots of water!

Remember, avoiding alcohol and tobacco during your period is another great way to reduce hurting from cramps. Comfort foods that contain high levels of salt or fat can also have adverse effects on cramps.

Exercises for Cramps

Some studies have shown that physical activity can combat hormone-like substances that can cause cramps. Many exercises can also help alleviate muscle tension and reduce inflammation which can lessen the severity of your period cramps.

Any exercises that deal specifically with your ‘core’ are ideal for stretching and relieving painful cramps. For example, there are many yoga poses that don’t have to be strenuous to be effective.

Physical activity also releases endorphins that make you feel good overall. So, why not? Take a spin class or walk to work during your period.

Other Home Remedies for Menstrual Cramps

There are several things you can do at home before seeing a doctor to get your menstrual cramps under control and take your life back. Today we’ll go over a few traditional methods, along with a couple alternative ways to reduce pain associated with cramps.

  • Over the counter medicine. Taking anti-inflammatory pills or medication designed to reduce pain such as Ibuprofen (Advil/Motrin), Aspirin (Tylenol), or Naproxen (Aleve) can combat your PMS symptoms.
  • Apply heat. Heat works in several ways to reduce your pain. It relieves muscle tension and relaxes your entire body. Take a long, hot bath, or apply a heating pad/patch to your lower abdomen for optimal results. Many experts agree that heat may be just as effective for treatment of cramps as over the counter medication.
  • Elevate legs. Lay on your back or side with a pillow supporting and elevating your legs from the knee up.
  • Try pads instead of tampons. During the most painful times of your menstrual period, you may want to consider using a pad as opposed to a tampon to prevent additional pressure.
  • Acupuncture or acupressure. Many women swear by these treatments for their period cramps. Always, consult an expert when attempting alternative treatments for cramps such as these.

It’s important to remember, there’s no one way to treat cramps for every woman. Find the treatment that works for you and stick to it!

When to See a Doctor for Your Cramps

While most women won’t need to see a doctor for their cramps, there are several instances that require attention. For example, if your period cramps are so unbearable that they are affecting your daily life, it may be time to speak with your doctor.

Generally, lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise or over the counter medicine provide enough relief that you will never need to see your OB/GYN. However, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible if you’re experiencing any of the following issues.

  • Cramps that last longer than your period.
  • Menstrual cramps that take over your life.
  • Cramps that become progressively worse.
  • Home remedies are having no effect on the severity of cramps.
  • Women over the age of 25 who recently started to have severe cramps due to period.

Your doctor may find that the cramps you have are related to an underlying disorder. In most cases, they will offer you a prescription drug for pain, or a hormonal birth control to reduce symptoms. However, for severe problems, surgery may even be required to correct the issue.

Final Thoughts

Experiencing monthly cramps that take over your life isn’t something that you should have to deal with. Use some of the above home remedies to alleviate stress and pain due to cramps and take back your life.

If you’re concerned about the severity of your cramps before or during your period, don’t hesitate to give us a call. Our staff is more than happy to answer any questions you may have and schedule an appointment with your OB-GYN.

July 11, 2017

It is usually safe for a couple to have sex during pregnancy.It’s completely normal to be worried about protecting the health and safety of your developing baby. Many couples, especially first-time parents, worry about how pursuing intimacy in their relationship will affect the little one growing inside mama.

Which brings us to the age-old question. Is sex safe during pregnancy?

The simple answer is yes, for normal pregnancies sex while your pregnant is fine. However, there are a few things you should be aware of before jumping into the sack.

Change in Your Libido

While some women crave sex during pregnancy, it’s the last thing on other women’s minds. Pregnancy can affect your body in ways you’d never expect. So, based on your hormonal functions, you may not be in the mood.

Some things that can have an effect on your libido early on during pregnancy include:

  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Breast tendency

Later in your pregnancy, things such as weight gain, and back pain can dampen your enthusiasm for sexual intercourse.

Keep in mind, your partner can be affected by your pregnancy as well. Their desires may be toned down to fatigue, or simply anxious about hurting the baby during intercourse.

When is Sex Safe During Pregnancy?

For the most part, sex during pregnancy is completely safe for everyone involved. Your developing baby is protected by both the amniotic fluid in your uterus and the strong muscles of the uterus itself.

Sexual activity won’t affect the baby in the least.

You may be wondering about alternative forms of sex as well. While some alternative sexual activities are completely safe for both you and baby, others might be more detrimental to your health.

  • Oral Sex. When receiving oral, make sure your partner doesn’t blow air into your vagina. In some rare instances, doing so can block a blood vessel (air embolism) which can be harmful to both mother and baby.
  • Anal Sex. Vaginal sex should be avoided directly after anal sex to prevent infection-causing bacteria from spreading from the rectum to the vagina. Occasionally, pregnant women may find anal sex uncomfortable due to pregnancy-related hemorrhoids.

If you are pregnant and plan to have sex with someone you are not in a monogamous relationship with, using condoms is recommended to protect against possible transmission of STDs.

Any sexual position that you feel comfortable is completely safe. However, towards the second trimester, you’ll likely feel more comfortable in positions that are not directly putting pressure on your back.

When is Abstinence Recommended?

During your final weeks of pregnancy, your doctor may suggest abstaining from sex. Both female orgasms and semen can stimulate contractions. This is due to the release of a chemical called prostaglandins which is said to trigger contractions when you’re close to your due date late in the third trimester.

If you have a history of pre-term labor or have any of the following conditions your doctor will likely recommend practicing abstinence during the remainder of your pregnancy.

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Leaking amniotic fluid
  • Carrying multiples
  • Placenta is covering (partially or completely) the cervical opening

Sex with a partner that has been diagnosed with an STD or STI should be avoided due to possible risk of your or your baby contracting the STD. At the very least, it’s important to use protection as always when any sexual activity with a person that has been diagnosed with any STD.

Final Thoughts

While usually, sex is safe during pregnancy. However, there are certain conditions that may require abstinence. Experiment with a mixture of positions throughout your pregnancy that offer the most support and comfort during sexual activities.

Don’t hesitate to give us a call to schedule an appointment with your doctor. Our caring staff is always available to answer any questions or concerns via phone regarding sexual intercourse during your pregnancy as well.

July 10, 2017

The first gynecology appointment is important for teenage girls.Visiting the gynecologist is an important part of the aging process for young women. Your doctor will give you vital information on how to stay as healthy as possible as well as giving you an overall checkup.

There are three main reasons that parents should take their young girls to a gynecologist.

  • Information: During your visit, you’ll learn about your body and how to maintain a healthy lifestyle whether you’re sexually active or not.
  • Prevention: Your doctor will look for signs of underlying issues that could affect you later in life.
  • Treatment: If you’re experiencing problems with your menstrual cycle, pain, or reproductive problems, your OB-GYN can look into why the problem is occurring and find a treatment.

A gynecology appointment can be nerve-racking for young girls who don’t know exactly what to expect. Being nervous is completely normal. However, once your exam is over, you’ll likely be wondering what all the fuss was about.

When Should You Schedule Your First Appointment?

Typically, a first appointment is recommended by OB-GYNs for girls between the ages of 13 and 15. This gives the doctor plenty of time to answer questions regarding sexual health, menstruation, and other concerns confidentially.

What to Expect

Doctor explaining to a teen what to expect from her first GYN appointment.At the beginning of your first gynecology exam, your doctor will sit down with you and just talk. It’s important to be open and honest when speaking to your OB-GYN so that they can give you the best medical care possible.

They will ask you questions regarding your health. Among others, some items you can expect to be brought up include:

  • Your menstrual cycle
  • Sexual activity (Including oral, vaginal, and anal sex)
  • Acne
  • Weight
  • Sexuality
  • Birth control
  • STIs (Sexually transmitted infections)
  • Emotional ups and downs

If you’re concerned about confidentiality, ask your doctor beforehand. In most cases, everything you disclose can be kept between you and your doctor.

Your first gynecology appointment will consist primarily of two exams. Both are important to your overall health.

Unless your OB-GYN feels it is vital, a pelvic exam will not be part of your first gynecology exam. Generally, pelvic exams are recommended starting at the age of 21.

Remember, if you feel uncomfortable during any portion of your gynecological visit, you can ask for a nurse or family member to be present as well.

General Physical Exam

During the general physical portion of your visit, your OB-GYN will give you a routine checkup-similar to what any doctor would. This part of the exam is designed to catch any general health problems that can easily be corrected. Doing so, some of the things your doctor will record include:

  • height
  • weight
  • blood pressure

The general physical exam is usually performed before the external genital exam. It allows the patient to become more comfortable with the doctor so they can be prepared for the next portion.

External Genital Exam

Although many young women stress about this part of the exam, it usually only lasts a few minutes. Not only does this part your first gynecology appointment let your doctor know how you’re physically doing, but it gives you much-needed knowledge about your own body.

Your OB-GYN will examine your vulva to ensure your overall health is in order. They may offer you a mirror so you can see it as well. You’ll learn the names of different parts of your body and where they are located.

Again, if you don’t feel comfortable doing this portion of the exam alone, you’re free to ask for a nurse or family member to be present.

Vaccinations You May Receive

Your doctor may ask you (or your parents) if you’ve been vaccinated or immunized to protect against certain diseases.

The following vaccinations are given on a routine basis to young women ranging in age from 11-18 and may be administered during your gynecologic exam.

  • Tetanus–diphtheria–pertussis (Tdap) booster
  • Human papillomavirus vaccine
  • Meningococcal vaccine
  • Influenza vaccine (yearly)

In addition to routine vaccines, special vaccines may be given to young women who are at an increased risk for certain diseases. These include:

  • Hepatitis A virus vaccine
  • Pneumococcal vaccine

What to Talk About During Your Appointment

Remember that your appointment gives you a  safe place to talk about anything and everything regarding both your physical and emotional state. Use this opportunity to speak confidentially to your OB-GYN for accurate answers.

Before going to your appointment, think of a list of questions you’d like to ask. Your doctor has heard it all, so if something is concerning you, don’t let your embarrassment or nervousness get in the way of your well-being.

Final Thoughts

Parents and young women should go into appointments with as much knowledge as possible. Your first gynecology appointment doesn’t have to be scary if you know what to expect.

The thought of a gynecologic exam can seem weird or uncomfortable at first but it’s a normal part of taking care of yourself as a woman.

Call to schedule an appointment with an OB-GYN today and one of our helpful staff members will be happy to assist you. Feel free to ask any questions regarding your first visitation beforehand so you can be as prepared as possible.

June 22, 2017

cwhs officePatients travel from across the country to Canton, GA, in north metro Atlanta to have surgery with Dr. Michael Litrel at Cherokee Women’s Health Specialists.

We are committed to ensuring your experience with us is safe, comfortable and convenient so we have provided the following information to assist out of town patients with transportation, accommodation and what you can expect before and after your surgery. And because you may have some downtime between your pre-op appointment and your surgery, we’ve also included links to stores and activities in the Canton area.

Please follow the instructions to prepare for your surgery with Dr. Litrel if you live outside the Canton/Atlanta area.

Contact Our Office
The first step for out of town patients is to contact our office to schedule a phone consultation with Dr. Litrel. If you have photos to provide for the consultation, you’ll be given a secure designated e-mail address to send the photos so that Dr. Litrel can review and understand your surgical needs.

Following your consultation, you’ll be contacted by our scheduling team to set up a preoperative examination appointment and your surgical date. 

Traveling to Canton
If you are flying to Atlanta, we recommend that you fly into Hartsfield Jackson International Airport, located about one hour from our Canton office. Once you arrive, you may choose from several transportation options. We have provided helpful links for you below.

Car Rental
Shuttle / Limo Services
Uber / Lyft

hampton-inn-and-holiday-inn-photosYour Accommodations
While staying in Canton, we recommend Hampton Inn or the Holiday Express Inn, where you will receive a reduced rate on your room during your stay, as a patient of Cherokee Women’s Health. It’s conveniently located off I-575 and within just three miles of our office, Northside Hospital Cherokee, several restaurants, shopping areas and more.

Hampton Inn
710 Transit Avenue
Canton, GA 30114
770-345-7400

Holiday Inn Express
713 Transit Ave
Canton, GA 30114
770-479-7300

Your Pre-Op Appointment
Your pre-op appointment will typically take place the day before your surgery. During this appointment, Dr. Litrel will examine you, explain again what to expect during your surgery, discuss what your recovery will be like, and answer any questions you may have. Rest assured, you will be able to contact Dr. Litrel with any issues or questions before you arrive – and after you depart.

Checking Into Your Hotel After Your Pre-Op Appointment
The check-in time at both Hampton Inn and Holiday Inn Express is 3 pm. However, as a patient of Cherokee Women’s, they may be able to accommodate an earlier check-in. If desired, please give them a call.

When checking in, be sure to tell them that you are a patient of Cherokee Women’s and that you will be receiving surgery at either our office or at Northside Hospital Cherokee to ensure you receive the reduced rate.

If you’re unable to check-in immediately after your pre-op appointment, we’ve provided several links to restaurants, shopping and other nearby activities below.

After Your Surgery
We want you to be as comfortable as possible so after your surgery, you will return to your room where you can rest in private. If you have arrived for your surgery alone, a Medical Assistant will provide transport from our office to the hotel. That evening, our nurse will come by to check on you. The following morning, Dr. Litrel and his medical assistant will do a post-op visit to ensure everything is going well and answer any additional questions or concerns you might have.

Canton Restaurants, Shops and Activities
You may want to get out and explore during your downtime so we’ve provided the following list for your convenience.

Restaurants
A wide range of restaurants are located within a mile or two of your hotel. For upscale dining, Downtown Woodstock is just ten minutes away, featuring award winning restaurants such as Century House, Vingenzo’s and Salt Factory Pub. If you prefer to stay even closer to your home away from home, Cracker Barrel is a one-minute walk from the hotel.

outlet-shoppes at atlanta photoShopping – Target, Kohl’s, Belk and Publix are just a few of the stores that are minutes away from Hampton Inn. The Outlet Shoppes at Atlanta is a short 10-minute drive south on I-575, and Downtown Woodstock just beyond offers a pedestrian-friendly downtown district. There you’ll find unique galleries and shops nestled among outstanding restaurants, bars and eateries.

Parks and Attractions
Greenprints Trail in downtown Woodstock begins in Woodstock’s Sculpture Garden at Elm Street and takes you through tree-lined green space through “Woofstock” Dog Park and beyond to the scenic local Noonday Creek. Elm Street Cultural Arts Village offers award-winning musicals, concerts and local improv talent.

Heritage Park has beautiful, open walking trails and is located just past our office, next to the YMCA.

Tanglewood Farm is a 10-acre petting zoo with more than 150 rare, miniature and heritage breed farm animals in a Wild West Town setting.

Gibbs Garden is 220 acres of beautifully landscaped gardens surrounded by forest, ponds, streams, waterfalls and bridge crossings. It is located about 30 minutes from Hampton Inn in nearby Ball Ground.gibbs-gardens photo

For more activities and information about Canton and the surrounding areas, visit Georgia Tourism and Travel.

Thank you again for choosing Cherokee Women’s Health Specialists. Please call us at 770.720.7733 to let us know if there is anything further that we can assist you with.

woman eating healthy before getting pregnantYou’re considering getting pregnant! Mentally, you’re beginning to commit to the idea, so one of the first few questions you might ask yourself is, “What can I do before getting pregnant? How can I be sure my baby will be healthy? Is there anything I can do ahead of time to make sure everything goes right?”

While the physical part of creating new life is pretty simple to comprehend, but many women don’t actually consider that there are ways to prepare their bodies for reproduction well ahead of time. Even if you’re not ready to conceive right away, there’s lots you can do before getting pregnant, and most of it is pretty basic.

When you leased your very first apartment, you wanted everything to be just right. Before you even moved in, you eagerly imagined how you would decorate it. You carefully selected the best furniture and matching accessories you could afford. You thought of where you would put your bed and bought food for the refrigerator and pantry. Everything was positioned just right for the new home you were to live in.

When you get pregnant, your body is going to be your baby’s ’apartment’ for approximately the next 280 days. Your womb (uterus) will be its bedroom, the amniotic sac will be its bed and the umbilical cord will be its fridge and pantry. Why not prepare your body to give your child the best possible home until its first ‘lease’ is up? There are steps you can take to make that happen.

Long before the actual union of sperm with egg, there are numerous measures you can take to optimally prepare your body. You can make gradual, positive lifestyle changes in the months preceding pregnancy. Some of these include:

Diet: If you haven’t done so yet, begin incorporating more fruits, fiber, and vegetables into your daily meals. Cut out excess fat, sugar, and caffeine. Eat junk food in moderation. Eliminate as many additives and preservatives as possible from your food by carefully reading labels and avoiding those with a long list of ingredients that you need a Hubble telescope to read or a scientific dictionary to translate.

• Exercise: Getting into the habit of walking even a block or two regularly can strengthen bone, muscle, circulation, tissue, blood and organ function, benefiting not only your own overall health but that of your future baby as well.

• Lose weight: If you are overweight, slowly shedding those extra pounds and achieving your ideal weight during the months before conceiving ensures a much better chance of becoming pregnant and carrying full term. The same holds true if you are underweight and need to bulk up a little. A healthier weight will also allow for an easier labor and delivery.

• Eliminate toxins: It’s no secret that smoking is dangerous to both you and those around you, so it stands to reason that it can be disastrous to the fetus growing inside you as well, Smoking while pregnant can deprive the fetus of oxygen, compromise heart rate, and result in premature birth or low birth weight. It can also increase the chances of miscarriage, birth defects, and stillbirth. Studies show there is a higher risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in babies whose mothers smoked. Even exposure to secondhand smoke can have an adverse effect on your baby. Quitting before conception should be one of your top priorities. This also applies to excessive alcohol intake and any recreational drug use. Prescribed or over the counter medications should be discussed with our doctors before you become pregnant.

• Birth control: Ovulation can be calculated easier when you have had at least one normal menstrual cycle before getting pregnant. Though it’s not absolutely necessary to stop taking birth control months before you plan to get pregnant, this is something that should be discussed at your preconception counseling session with us, especially if you are currently using a long-lasting form of birth control, such as progestin, which may inhibit fertility for several months.

• Preconception counseling: Preconception counseling can evaluate, test for, diagnose, and determine any problems that may be a setback to a full, healthy and safe pregnancy for both mother and child. Your preconception counseling session with us will delve into a much more thorough list of steps you can take to make your future pregnancy as safe, smooth and healthy as possible. Ideally, it is best to book an appointment with us to discuss your plans approximately three months before you wish to conceive. At Cherokee Women’s Health Specialists, we are committed to giving you the best possible preconception care available to women today in order to ensure the optimum health of both you and the baby you are planning to have.

These are only several of the many things you can do before you decide to get pregnant. Our comprehensive staff includes Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgeons (FPMRS), urologists, nutritionists, OB-GYNs, physical therapists and midwives. Their combined decades of experience and expertise can guide you through the preconception process, pinpointing any problems that may inhibit or be detrimental to your pregnancy. They can correct any physical abnormalities that may be hindering the process as well. Your reproductive health and the wellness of your future baby is our primary concern. No question is too trivial or embarrassing, and you will be treated with the utmost respect and confidentiality.

To book an appointment, please call our clinic at 770.720.7733.

June 12, 2017

Genital herpes is an STI that can be contracted by any sexually active person. Herpes is very common throughout the United States. In fact, nearly 1 in 6 people ranging in age from 14-49 have genital herpes.

It can be passed from one partner to another through oral, vaginal, or anal sex. You, or your partner, may not even be aware that the herpes strain is being transmitted.

Although both men and women are at risk for STI, women are at a much higher risk. This is because the virus is more easily sexually transmitted from men to women than women to men.

There are two types of herpes; HSV1 (Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1) and HSV2 (Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2). Each spreads through skin to skin contact, however, only HSV1 known to cause cold sores or fever blisters as well.

Herpes is highly contagious and can be transferred to one partner from another through the fluids excreted from a blister or sore. Even if you are not showing signs of an outbreak, herpes can still be passed from partner to partner through the skin.

Genital Herpes Symptoms

Most people don’t know they have genital herpes. Symptoms can be minor or even non-existent if you have herpes.

The most commonly known symptoms or genital herpes include painful blisters or sores around the genitals or anus. The can appear as a single sore or be clustered together.

Often, genital herpes goes undetected. Many people mistake HSV2 for other minor skin conditions such as a pimple or ingrown hair.

While there are not always clear signs that you may have herpes, there are symptoms associated with genital herpes that you should be aware of besides outbreaks. Take a look at some of these lesser-known signs that you could have herpes.

  • Flu-like symptoms (especially during the first outbreak)
  • Smelly discharge
  • Genital dryness or itchiness
  • Burning when urinating
  • Bleeding in between periods

If you or your partner have any of the above symptoms, you should consider making an appointment with your healthcare provider.

Diagnosing Genital Herpes

Often, your healthcare provider will be able to diagnose you just by looking at the affected area. Once you are suspected of having genital herpes, your doctor will take a sample and test fluid from a sore.

Blood tests can also be performed to determine if you have genital herpes and are showing no signs. If you suspect you or your partner have contracted the herpes virus, ask your doctor to test you as soon as possible to prevent further spreading.

Treatment for Genital Herpes

There is no cure for genital herpes. However, there are ways to manage the virus. If you are diagnosed with genital herpes, your doctor may provide you with daily medication. This medication can help prevent and shorten outbreaks.

In the early stages of herpes, you may have up to 4 or 5 outbreaks a year. Generally, you’ll experience more outbreaks early on. Even though herpes is something you will need to deal with your whole life, outbreaks should become less often over time.

Prevent Getting Genital Herpes

While genital herpes does not usually cause serious health problems, it is still important to take proper safety precautions when having oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse.

Herpes can be passed from person to person without even knowing it, which is why it’s especially important to take precautions against possible transmission.

So, what can you do?

  1. Abstain from sex. Abstaining from sexual contact is one of the best ways to prevent contracting genital herpes and other STIs.
  2. Commit to a monogamous relationship. Because genital herpes can go undetected, you may want to consider scheduling a doctor’s visit for both you and your partner.
  3. Use condoms correctly. Although, not 100% effective, condoms can prevent spreading of genital herpes in some cases. Be aware, genital herpes can still be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact while having intercourse.

Prevent Transmitting Genital Herpes

If you or your partner have genital herpes, you should talk to your doctor about preventive measures to ensure you do not infect your partner.

Because genital herpes is so contagious, you should avoid touching sores or blisters. Otherwise, you may run the risk of infecting other parts of your body. Always, wash hands thoroughly if you come in contact with a sore.

For those who have multiple outbreaks a year, your doctor may prescribe a medication called ‘daily suppressive therapy’ which can lower the risk of your partner getting genital herpes.

It’s always important to maintain open communication with your sexual partner(s) about any STIs that you may have and agree on options moving forward.

Final Thoughts

Knowing your body is the first step in preventing or transmitting genital herpes. If you or your partner notice any symptoms such as unusual sores, you should both schedule an appointment with your doctor.

Getting tested regularly along with being open and honest with your healthcare provider is essential to maintaining a healthy sexual lifestyle

Don’t hesitate to give us a call with any concerns regarding genital herpes or other STIs. We’d be happy to confidentially answer any questions you may have or schedule an appointment with your doctor.

June 3, 2017

Banking umbilical cord blood can benefit children as they grow.Expectant parents can be overwhelmed with everything that goes into preparing for a new child. It’s important to understand your options ahead of time. Donating cord blood can be easily achieved and potentially help others.

What is Cord Blood?

Cord blood is simply the left inside the umbilical cord and placenta after your baby is born. Cord blood contains hematopoietic stem cells which are important in treating certain diseases. Unlike most other cells in the body, hematopoietic stem cells have the ability to mature into different types of blood cells within the body.

Benefits of Blood Cord Banking

There are numerous reasons expectant parents may want to choose to collect and store cord blood. Both bone marrow and cord blood have benefits, namely the potential to contain life-saving hematopoietic stem cells.

Cord blood transplants have helped over 30,000 people with the correction of inborn errors such as metabolism, hematopoietic malignancies and genetic disorders both in the blood and immune system.

Currently, it is also being studied for regenerative medicine and infectious diseases.

Today we’ll take a look at a few reasons cord blood is more advantageous than receiving hematopoietic stem cells than from bone marrow.

  • More matches available. Stem cells from cord blood are more versatile and can be given to a wider range of people than those that come from bone marrow.
  • Can be stored. Unlike bone marrow that needs to be used right away, cord blood can be frozen and store for future use.
  • Helps to strengthen the immune system. Cord blood has been shown to strengthen the immune system for patients going through cancer treatment. Bone marrow has not.
  • Less painful for the donor. Donating cord blood is less risky and less painful than donating bone marrow.
  • Less chance of rejection. Bone marrow has a larger chance of being rejected by the recipient than cord blood.

What Should You Consider Before Donating?

There are two types of facilities that can collect and store umbilical cord blood; public and private. When considering blood cord banking, talk to your OB/GYN or midwife about the differences between the two so you can make an informed decision.

Both public and private blood banks are required to follow the same rigorous screenings and infectious disease testing meeting the standards of the U.S. Food and Drug administration.

Here are some of the differences between each to give you an idea of what might be right for you.

Public Cord Blood Banks

The first public cord blood bank was established in 1991, however, now there are now many spread throughout the US that collect and store cord blood free of charge. Many are funded through government grants, public donations, and compensation for cord units used for transplant.

Public blood banks primarily store blood for use for anyone; related or not. However, if you have a family member who has a disease that could potentially be treated with a transplant, some public banks will store that blood for free as a directed donation.

Because ethnic minorities are not as well represented in cord blood banks, donating to one can increase the chance of all ethnic groups finding a match.

Private Cord Blood Banks

Private cord blood banks were not established until 2005 and are widely marketed for ‘biological insurance.’ Private or family banks are funded through processing and annual storage fees. Before you go into labor, you’ll be asked to sign a contract for the collection, processing, and storage.

If you plan to store your cord blood for your baby later in life or directed donation for a family member or sibling, you may want to think about a private bank.

It should be noted, however, that the scientific evidence is lacking when it comes to cord blood helping the same individual. In fact, stored blood cannot be used to treat the same person in many instances because most conditions already exist in his or her own cells which is why biological insurance is often not recommended.

How Does Blood Cord Banking Work?

Once you’ve chosen whether you’d like to donate to a public or private blood bank, you’ll need to let your doctor know as soon as possible. Collecting cord blood is not routine obstetric care or medically indicated.

Many hospitals have collection kits on-hand but on occasion, it can take up to 6 weeks for the hospital to receive one from the bank if an order needs to be placed.

Blood can be collected before or after the placenta is removed. The fresher the blood is the better. Cord blood is collected by puncturing the umbilical vein with a needle and gravity fed to a bag. Even with 40mL of blood needed to ensure there are enough blood cells for transplantation, the process generally takes around 10 minutes.

After blood is collected it will be ‘typed’ and tracked for quick delivery the moment someone is in need of it.

Keep in mind, there are some circumstances during labor or delivery that can prevent the collection of enough cord blood.

Your OB/GYN will not compromise the obstetric or neonatal care to obtain cord blood. Nor should the collection of cord blood alter the routine practice or timing of the umbilical cord clamping.

Final Thoughts

Talk to your doctor to learn more about understanding your options when it comes to donating cord blood. Blood cord banking is not a routine procedure in obstetric or neonatal care, so it’s imperative that you let your OB/GYN know before you go into labor if you decide to donate.

Don’t hesitate to call with any further questions you may have or schedule an appointment regarding blood cord banking. Education is key, and our staff is always happy to help provide knowledgeable advice.

June 2, 2017

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Nearly all sexually active people contract it. If fact, nearly 79-million people are estimated to be currently infected. Each year, another 18-million people will be diagnosed with it. So, what is it?

HPV is a treatable STI that many sexually active adults encounter.HPV or Human Papillomavirus has over 100 unique types, many of which have no symptoms. These types are broken down into ‘low-risk’ and ‘high-risk.’ High-risk types of HPV usually have little to no signs and can cause serious health risks such as cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of HPV

Almost all sexually active people get HPV sometime in their lifetime. It is most commonly passed from partner to partner during vaginal or anal sex. However, it may be transferred during oral sex or intimate skin-to-skin conduct as well.

In many cases, certain types of the Human Papillomavirus will go away on its own. Other high-risk types may show zero symptoms and can lead to serious health issues such as cancer.

If you or your partner are experiencing any of the following symptoms for low-risk types of HPV, you should consider scheduling an appointment with your healthcare provider.

  • Genital Warts-Soft, fleshy bumps
  • Irritation or discomfort
  • Itching or swelling
  • Bleeding with intercourse

You should be aware that HPV can be passed from one partner to another even when there are no signs of symptoms. If you suspect you or your partner have HPV, preventive measures are recommended.

How is HPV Diagnosed?

Most people that have a high-risk type of HPV don’t even know they have it. Depending on the type very little signs are shown in the beginning stages. The longer the virus stays in your body, the bigger the chance that you’ll be at risk of developing health problems.

It is especially important to have regularly scheduled Pap Smears before real damage to your health can be done. Pap Smears do not directly test for HPV, however, they can detect abnormal cells in your cervix, that are often caused by HPV.

If your doctor diagnoses you with HPV, they may request that you get tested more regularly to ensure you are healthy and cancer free. Having HPV and getting cancer don’t always go hand in hand but it does put you at a higher risk for getting cancer down the line.

Being pro-active in treating an occurrence of HPV and regularly scheduling follow-up screenings and appointments with your OB/GYN can prevent serious health problems in your future.

Preventive Measures for HPV

The safest and most effective way of preventing HPV is a vaccine. Vaccines such as Gardasil can protect women from getting HPV by helping prevent the transmission of certain types of HPV.

Vaccines are more effective when given prior to exposure of Human Papillomavirus or sexual activity. HPV vaccines are recommended for both boys and girls starting at around the age of 11 or 12. A second dosage approximately 6 months to a year later is ideal.

Gardasil or other forms of HPV vaccination should be administered to young women throughout the age of 26 and in young men throughout the age of 21.

Even if you aren’t vaccinated, there are ways that sexually active people can lower their risk for contracting HPV or passing it to their partner.

  • Use Latex Condoms. While condoms are not 100% effective, they can help limit skin-to-skin contact when used properly.
  • Commit to Monogamous Sex. You are less likely to contract HPV if you and your partner are in a single partner relationship.
  • Abstain from Sex. If you’ve recently be diagnosed with HPV, talk to your doctor about recommended abstinence.

Final Thoughts

Women who are concerned they may have or be at risk for contracting HPV should consult their doctor. Regular Pap Smears are important in catching HPV early and preventing it from causing more serious health issues.

If you’ve already been diagnosed with HPV, keep an open dialog with your health care provider. Together you can come up with a plan to be pro-active in treating it and screening for cancer in the future.

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“Dr. Litrel was a fantastic doctor. I had my first exam with him, although at first I was skeptical about a male doctor for my GYN. But after I met him I’m glad I kept an open mind, and I couldn’t have dreamed up a better doctor. He cares about you as a person and not just a patient. The front desk ladies and nurses were very friendly and it’s a great office, very clean and not intimidating. I highly recommend Cherokee Women’s Health.”
- Vicki